Qamsar city is located on the slopes of the central mountains of Iran, which is part of the Zagros Mountains. A mountain known as Karkas (means vulture). The area has cold winters with snow and rain and dry temperate summers. Mostly steppe and semi-dense meadows are the vegetation of this area. The native population of Qamasr is decreasing and its seasonal and non-permanent population is increasing. This increase is evident in the first half of the Iranian calendar and in the rose watering season. Mohammadi rose or aromatic gold is the national flower of Iran with the scientific name; Rosa- Damascena- mill. During the reign of King Seljuk, representative of the Byzantine Empire took Persian Rose to Damascus for planting and because of that the scientific name of the flower is closely related to the city of Damascus. In most Iranian cities Rose planting is common. Important areas for planting this flower are Kashan and Ghamsar cities at Isfahan province. Leading producer of rose water in the country is Kashan. Because the best kind of flower grows in this climate and European countries are the main buyer of this product.
Rose watering and distillation of flowers has been common in Iran for a long time. Archaeological excavations have been found Clay and mud sprinkler in ancient cemeteries; it signifies a long dating Rose watering in this area. Rose watering is done in both traditional and industrial ways and is based on distillation. The traditional type is very popular for tourists and it's known as an exciting event, so in May and June, many tourists travel to the area for the festival, while participating in the event and having excellent experience.