Iran means the land of the Aryans, in the past known as Persia, is situated in Middle East land, in the north of Persian Gulf, around 1,548,195 square kilometers area. Larger than any European country, but unlike the continent of Europe which is known as the green continent, Iran is the country of deserts and the shining sun. In fact two thirds of the country is made up of desert. So in Iran we have biological zone, wherever there have been water during history in this area there also have been life. From the south to the coast of Caspian Sea in the north, Iran's deserts are surrounded by high mountains. This widespread disarray on the Iran's plateau has caused arid or semi arid climate for most part of the country, though along the Caspian sea coast the climate is subtropical.
Geographical diversity has also influenced the cultural diversity of the country, so that all the cultural components of each region have been influenced by the geographical situation of that region.
Multi cultural country with lots of ethnic groups that majority of them are Shiia Muslims. The former language of the country is Persian and Iran is one the most historical countries of the world.
Iran is a developing country and its economy depends on the export of raw materials and energy.