Kermanshah is one of the populated cities of Iran with the majority of Kurdish population. Due to being in the middle of the Zagros Range, it has temperate climates. Kermanshah is an old city and its history dating back to 400 BC. According paleontologist’s survey, Neanderthal Human had existed in this area on Paleocytic periods. The glory of Kermanshah was during the Sassanid Empire. Kermanshah was chosen as spring capital by the Emperor Khosrow Parviz. Accordingly, the most remarkable historical attractions in this city belong to the Sassanid era. The most prominent is Tagh-e Bostan, in which several important scenes, including the crowning of the kings have been carved on the rocks. Another important engraving is Behistun Inscription. It is considered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This inscription is one of the most important and oldest historical documents in the world, which was engraved during the reign of Darius the king of the Achaemenid Empire. Many monuments of the Qajar era have remained in Kermanshah. Kermanshah has a unique natural attraction, which is Prova Cave. One of The largest vertical caves in the world, its crater is at an altitude of 3000 meters.
The most important attractions of Kermanshah are: Tagh-e Bostan, Behistun Inscription, Bigler Beigi Mansion and Moaveno-ol Molk Mansion (both of them for religious and mourning ceremonies), Anahita Temple at Cangavar, Grave cells of Harsin (Sakavand Grave) and Sahneh.