Hamedan is one of the oldest cities of Iran. Hamedan is located at west of Iran and near the Alvand Mountain. Assyrian inscriptions, in 1100 BC have mentioned the name of Hamadan, as Amdane. They called Medes nationality Amaday. Hamedan has been selected frequently as the capital in history. The other name of this city is Hegmataneh, meaning the site of the gathering. Exactly at the same time, the Greeks knew it as Ekbatan. Ekbatan was the summer capital of the Achaemenid Empire. Archeological excavations have earned a lot of things from this era; the most remarkable memorial of this period is the inscription of Darius the king of Achaemenid at Ganj Nameh Valley. Great cemetery has remained from Parthian period. Hegmataneh Hills is the ancient site of this city. Some other tourist attractions of this city include Esther and Mordechai Tomb, The most important shrine of the Iranian Jews, Baba Taher Tomb, a famous poet of the 11th century AD, the Tomb of Avicenna, a renowned Iranian physician, philosopher and scientist. He is one of the most influential scholars of history. Every two years, Avicenna prize is given to the people who are leading in the philosophy of ethics and science by UNESCO.
The most important attractions of Hamedan are: Historical city of Hekmataneh, Ester and Mordkhai Mausoleum, Avicenna Tomb, Ganjnameh (Deraus Inscription), Baba Taher Tomb, Alisard Cave, Gonbad Alaveian.